Animal Damage Control should be handled in a series of steps. These may be adjusted depending upon species and subsequent biology and behavior patterns. Basic guidelines developed by Forest and Wildlife for wildlife damage control and animal removal situations are as follows:
- Identify the Damage – Gather evidence about the damage or sign (animal sign) that may be easily noticeable and may indicate an animal’s presence. This may include fecal matter, tracks, chewing, gnawing, noises, etc.
- Determine the Species – Use the evidence observed and investigate further with integrated behavior patterns and locations to determine the problem species.
- Evaluate Control Techniques – Determine all available removal or exclusion techniques that will be legal, appropriate, safe, and discrete based on the animal’s ecology, behavior, and the location of the problem.
- Implement Control Techniques – Integrate several control techniques, when available, to quickly bring the problem animal under control.
- Monitor the Control Techniques – Determine success based on capture, reoccurring sign of the animal and other observations, and adjust the control technique if needed.
- Cleanup and Closure – Remove all excrement, damaged goods, nesting debris, food stuffs and any other contaminated substances associated with the animal and sanitize and treat with a labeled pesticide if needed.
- Habitat Modifications – When ideal habitat exists for a specific pest or animal, modifications to the habitat can be made to make it less suitable to the problem species to reduce the possibility of its recurrence.